Strategi Penelitian Kualitatif dan Kuantitatif Di Dalam Penelitian Agama

Sonny Eli Zaluchu

Abstract


Research does not start from the method but must depart from the root of the problem. Formulating precisely the paradigm and background of the research will help researchers design the research design and determine the method to use. In this case, quantitative, qualitative or a mixture of both can use. Through this paper, it explains that religious research and various topics within it are open with various approaches because of their nature as science. This paper builds research insights ranging from understanding the research itself, determining and formulating research problems to choosing the right approach by introducing various methods. Through this paper, it expected that there would be no difficulty in colliding the paradigm in conducting religious research with a qualitative, quantitative or both approaches.

 

Penelitian tidak dimulai dari metode tetapi harus berangkat dari akar permasalahan. Merumuskan secara tepat paradigma dan latar belakang penelitian akan membantu peneliti merancang desain penelitian dan menentukan metode yang akan digunakan. Dalam hal ini, dapat digunakan pendekatan kuantitatif, kualitatif atau campuran keduanya. Melalui tulisan ini dipaparkan bahwa penelitian agama dan berbagai topik di dalamnya terbuka dengan berbagai pendekatan karena sifatnya sebagai ilmu pengetahuan. Paper ini membangun wawasan penelitian mulai dari pemahaman tentang penelitian itu sendiri, penentuan dan perumusan masalah penelitian hingga memilih pendekatan yang tepat melalui perkenalan terhadap berbagai metode. Melalui paper ini diharapkan tidak terdapat kesulitan benturan paradigma di dalam menjalankan penelitian agama dengan pendekatan kualitatif, kuantitatif atau keduanya.


Keywords


Riset, Kualitatif, Kuantitatif, Agama

References


Brannen, J. (2005). Mixing methods: The entry of qualitative and quantitative approaches into the research process. International Journal of Social Research Methodology: Theory and Practice, 8(3), 173–184. https://doi.org/10.1080/13645570500154642

Carey, S. S. (2015). Kaidah Kaidah Metode Ilmiah - Penduan untuk Penelitian dan Critical Thinking. Bandung: Nusa Media.

Creswell. (2009). Research design: qualitative, quantitative and mixed approaches. Research Design. https://doi.org/10.2307/1523157

Creswell, J. W. (2010). Research Design – Pendekatan Kualitatif, Kuantitatif dan Mixed. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Degeng, I. N. S., & Darmawan, I. P. A. (2017). Peningkatan Profesionalisme Pendidik Melalui Penelitian Dan Penulisan Karya Ilmiah. In Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Agama Kristen dan call for papers (Vol. 0). Retrieved from http://semnas.sttsimpson.ac.id/index.php/SNPK/article/view/16

Fink, A. (2010). Survey research methods. In International Encyclopedia of Education. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-044894-7.00296-7

Golafshani, N. (2003). Understanding Reliability and Validity in Qualitative Research. The Qualitative Report, 8(4), 597–607. Retrieved from http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR8-4/golafshani.pdf

Gray, D. E. (2009). Research design: qualitative methods. In Doing research in the real world.

Heit, E., & Rotello, C. M. (2010). Relations between inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 36(3), 805–812. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0018784

KBBI. (2017a). Metode.

KBBI. (2017b). Penelitian.

Knopf, J. W. (2006). Doing a Literature Review. PS - Political Science and Politics. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049096506060264

Kothari, C. (2004). Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques. Vasa. https://doi.org/http://196.29.172.66:8080/jspui/bitstream/123456789/2574/1/Research%20Methodology.pdf

Lawson, A. E. (2005). What is the role of induction and deduction in reasoning and scientific inquiry? Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 42(6), 716–740. https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.20067

Liu, Y., & Kulacki, F. A. (2019). Experimental design. In SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology (pp. 49–63). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02616-5_5

Lumintang, S. I., & Lumintang, D. A. (2016). Theologia Penelitian dan Penelitian Teologis. Jakarta: Geneva Insani Indonesia.

Mackenzie, N., & Knipe, S. (2006). Research dilemmas: Paradigms, methods and methodology. Issues in Educational Research, 16(2). Retrieved from https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/research-dilemmas-paradigms-methods-methodology-2/

Magnan, S. S., & Creswell, J. W. (2006). Research Design: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. The Modern Language Journal, 81(2), 256. https://doi.org/10.2307/328794

Merriam-Webster Dictionary Online. (2019). Reasearch. Retrieved May 10, 2019, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/research

Mertler, C. A., & Mertler, C. A. (2018). What is action research? In Action Research Communities (pp. 5–30). https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315164564-2

Nassaji, H. (2015). Qualitative and descriptive research: Data type versus data analysis. Language Teaching Research, 19(2), 129–132. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362168815572747

Rennie, D. L. (1998). Grounded Theory Methodology: The Pressing Need for a Coherent Logic of Justification. Theory & Psychology, 8(1), 101–119. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959354398081006

Rindfleisch, A., Malter, A. J., Ganesan, S., & Moorman, C. (2008). Cross-Sectional versus Longitudinal Survey Research: Concepts, Findings, and Guidelines. Journal of Marketing Research, 45(3), 261–279. https://doi.org/10.1509/jmkr.45.3.261

Ruane, J. M. (2013). Dasar Dasar Metode Penelitian. Bandung: Nusamedia.

Saebani, B. A. (2015). Filsafat Ilmu dan Metode Penelitian. Bandung: Pustaka Setia.

Silalahi, U. (2018). Metodologi Analisis Data dan Interpretasi Hasil untuk Penelitian Sosial Kuantitatif. Bandung: Refika Aditama.

Slevitch, L. (2011). Qualitative and quantitative methodologies compared: Ontological and epistemological perspectives. Journal of Quality Assurance in Hospitality and Tourism, 12(1), 73–81. https://doi.org/10.1080/1528008X.2011.541810

Vyhmeister, N. J. (2001). Quality Research Papers. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan.

Walliman, N. (2011). Research and the research Problem. Your Research Project Designing and Planning Your Work. SAGE Study Skills Series, 1(13), 1–56. Retrieved from http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/40600_9781849204620.pdf

Welch, J. K., & Patton, M. Q. (1992). Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods. The Modern Language Journal. https://doi.org/10.2307/330063

Winchester, C. L., & Salji, M. (2016). Writing a literature review. Journal of Clinical Urology, 9(5), 308–312. https://doi.org/10.1177/2051415816650133

Zaluchu, S. E. (2019). Sistematika dan Analisis Data Riset Kuantitatif (3rd ed.). Semarang: Golden Gate Publishing.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.46445/ejti.v4i1.167

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Evangelikal: Jurnal Teologi Injili dan Pembinaan Warga Jemaat

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

ISSN 2548-7868 (cetak), 2548-7558 (online)


INDEXING

Evangelikal: Jurnal Teologi Injili dan Pembinaan Warga Jemaat has been registered on:

                               

     

 

Flag Counter

 

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Published by Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Simpson. Jl. Agung No. 66, Krajan, Kel. Susukan, Kec. Ungaran Timur, Kab. Semarang, Prov. Jawa Tengah (50526)